Air conditioning is becoming essential, especially at certain times of the year.
A seemingly simple device that can cool you when you are hot and warm you when the temperatures are colder (only if the air conditioner is equipped with a heat pump).
But despite the essentiality of the task carried out, the technology behind air conditioners is much more complex than you think.
Understanding it will also help you deal with problems, understand breakdowns, and choose one model over another.
What does its operation consist of?
To explain the mechanics of this section, we must know that it is due to thermodynamics.
We explain why?
First of all, it must be said that a regular air conditioner works thanks to the exploitation of the laws of thermodynamics applied to the use of a particular type of gas with specific characteristics. The most widely used currently, because it can guarantee significant savings from the energy point of view, is R32 gas.
The operating mechanism of an air conditioner consists of a constant process of increasing and decreasing the temperature of this gas through a compression and decompression system.
First of all, to understand how an air conditioner works, we cannot avoid an overview of the product.
An air conditioner is made up of two machines:
An external one is essentially the engine from which the process starts and is installed outside the home.
What happens when the air conditioning is turned on?
When the air conditioning starts, the two machines, the exterior, and the interior, begin to work simultaneously, starting a hydraulic circuit formed by copper tubes. The mixture circulates, that is, the gas, which plays the fundamental role of heat transfer.
The first step in operating an air conditioner takes place in the outdoor unit, inside which there is a compressor. Next, the engine pushes the gas towards the compressor, where it releases heat through a decompression process, cooling and returning to the liquid state.
The liquid substance then goes into action, invading the copper pipes and reaching the division. Then, said the gas will return to the aeriform shape after passing through the evaporator.
The indoor machine, in fact, at this point sucks the hot air from the room, which, passing through the body of the cooled split, and thanks to a fan, is expelled to the outside at the temperature you have chosen with the remote control.
Once the gas has traveled through the evaporator, it will return to the compressor, and the cycle will begin again.
Does an air conditioner cool and heat in the same way?
You may be wondering at this point if the process is identical when the air conditioner produces warm air instead of cold air.
First of all, for this to happen, an air conditioner with a heat pump is needed. Therefore it is used for the winter period.
In winter mode, if instead of cooling the environment you want to heat up, the cycle is the same but reversed.
While in summer, the liquid decompresses to cool abruptly and subtract heat from the environment inside, in winter, the gas is compressed to reach high temperatures. When it reaches the interior, it condenses, yielding heat to the environment and heating it.
You can order commercial or residential Airconds with turnkey installation or for maintenance throughout Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. Call 24/7: (+60) 18 206 3521